Far-Right Gains in EU Elections Shake German Political Landscape

Germany's far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party has made significant

gains in the recent European Parliament elections, surpassing Chancellor Olaf

Scholz’s center-left Social Democrats (SPD) and securing second place with 16%

of the vote. This result has sent shockwaves through the German political

landscape, raising questions about the future direction of the country's


Key Takeaways

  • AfD secured 16% of the vote, surpassing the SPD.
  • The governing coalition parties saw a decline in support.
  • The center-right Union bloc led with around 30% of the vote.
  • Scandals and controversies did not significantly impact AfD's performance.
  • The results have implications for upcoming regional and national elections.

AfD's Unexpected Success

The AfD's performance in the European Parliament elections exceeded

expectations, especially given the series of scandals that plagued their

campaign. Allegations of money laundering, connections to the Kremlin, and

espionage for China had cast a shadow over the party. Despite these issues,

the AfD managed to resonate with voters, particularly in eastern Germany,

where they secured the most votes.

Governing Coalition's Decline

The election results were a blow to Germany's governing coalition. Chancellor

Olaf Scholz’s SPD garnered only around 14% of the vote, a drop from their

previous performance. The environmentalist Greens and the pro-business Free

Democrats, both part of the coalition, also saw significant declines in their

vote shares. This has led to internal turmoil and calls for introspection

within the coalition.

Conservative Union Bloc Leads

The center-right Union bloc, comprising the Christian Democratic Union (CDU)

and its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU), emerged as

the strongest political force with around 30% of the vote. While this result

is in line with their 2019 performance, it is seen as underwhelming given the

unpopularity of the current government. CDU leader Friedrich Merz is expected

to use this momentum to push for a more conservative direction and position

himself as a potential candidate for Chancellor in the next national election.

Impact of Scandals on AfD

The AfD's campaign was marred by controversies, including the downplaying of

Nazi crimes by one of their lead candidates, Maximilian Krah. This led to

Krah's exclusion from the party's EU delegation and strained relations with

other far-right parties in Europe. Despite these issues, the AfD's narrative

of victimization and focus on simple solutions to complex problems seemed to

resonate with voters, particularly the youth and those in eastern Germany.

Future Implications

The election results have significant implications for Germany's political

future. The AfD's strong performance in eastern Germany sets the stage for key

regional elections in September. The governing coalition will need to address

internal discord and reconnect with voters to avoid further losses. Meanwhile,

the Union bloc's performance provides a platform for Friedrich Merz to

solidify his leadership and prepare for the next national election.


The recent European Parliament elections have highlighted the shifting

dynamics in German politics. The rise of the far-right AfD, the decline of the

governing coalition, and the steady performance of the conservative Union bloc

indicate a period of significant change. As Germany prepares for upcoming

regional and national elections, these results will undoubtedly shape the

strategies and narratives of all major political parties.